Going by NICPR (National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research) statistics, 1 in 28 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime. And breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in India and accounts for 27% of all cancers in women. Till date, exact causes of breast cancer are still not well known, though increased urbanization and adoption of western lifestyles are said to be the culprits. However, when it is detected and treated early, there is a good chance that it can be cured.
All you have to do is watch for any signs or symptoms that might mean breast cancer and see your doctor as soon as possible. Lumps are vital to look out for, and for many women the first sign or symptom of breast cancer is a lump in their breast. And there are other important signs and symptoms like discharge, changes in size and shape. Your gynae will thoroughly examine for any lumps or suspicious areas and feel their texture, size, and relationship to the skin and chest muscles. Any changes in the nipples or the skin of your breasts will be noted. Alternatively you can go for mammogram, an x-ray of the breast, breast ultrasound, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the breast or Ductogram for early diagnosis.
While lifestyle changes are surely required for women in general, faulty gene does has a role to play. In fact in 2013, Hollywood actress, filmmaker, Angelina Jolie made headlines by announcing that she had undergone a preventative double mastectomy. She was diagnosed with the faulty gene BRCA, and had a family history of breast cancer. “You never know what a reaction is – you have to just make the choices you make in life. I made the choices I made because I believed they were right for me,” she said in an interview. While the Oscar winner, who lost her mother, grandmother and aunt to the disease went for preventive surgery, here are other Indian and International celebrities who overcame cancer of many forms with great determination.